Phenolic profiling and bioactivities of fresh fruits and jam of Sorbus species

Zorica Mrkonjić, Jelena Nađpal, Ivana Beara, Verica Aleksić Sabo, Dragana Četojević-Simin, Neda Mimica-Dukić, Marija Lesjak

Abstract


The purpose of this study was a comprehensive examination of the phenolic profile, the vitamin C content, and the antioxidant, anti-acetyl­cho­line­sterase, cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities of extracts and jams of fruits of two edible Sorbus species: well characterized S. aucuparia and two insuf­ficiently explored forms of S. torminalis (torminalis and semitorminalis). Char­ac­ter­isation of 44 phenolics was realized using LC–MS/MS and 15 compounds were confirmed, with chlorogenic acid being the most dominant in S. aucup­aria and ferulic acid in both S. torminalis forms. S. aucuparia demonstrated potent antioxidant activity, while that of both S. torminalis forms was mod­erate. Jam extracts had the highest content of vitamin C. S. aucuparia exhibited some anti-acetylcholinesterase activity, while S. torminalis f. torminalis showed the best antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and both forms (torminalis and semitorminalis) possessed the highest activity against Escher­ichia. coli. The results obtained herein are a great base for further research of edible Sorbus species with the aim of promoting their better usage as nutra­ceuticals.


Keywords


phenolics; antioxidant; anti-acethylcholinesterase activity; cytotoxic activity; antimicrobial activity

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/JSC170202046M

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