Arsenate and arsenite adsorption in relation with chemical properties of alluvial and loess soils

Shah Rukh, Mohammad Saleem Akhtar, Ayaz Mehmood, Sayed Hassan, Khalid S. Khan, Syed M.S. Naqvi, Muhammad Imran


Arsenic is one of the most toxic elements in soil environment. Understanding of arsenic adsorption chemistry is essential for evolving the extent of soil and ground water contaminations. This research was conducted to determine the variation in adsorption behavior of arsenite and arsenate with depth in different lithology soils. We sampled two parent materials at genetic horizons, and within a parent material we selected two soils. Besides basic soil characterizations, a laboratory batch experiments were carried out to study the adsorption of arsenate and arsenite. Freundlich adsorption approaches were employed to investigate the adsorption of arsenate and arsenite in the soils. Freundlich isotherms fit arsenate and arsenite sorption data well with r2 values of 0.88-0.98 in most soils. Arsenate and arsenite adsorption varied with soil properties especially clay content and oxides of iron and aluminum. Arsenic adsorption parameters also varied with depth in parent materials, and loess derived soils had greater adsorption capacity as compared to alluvial soils in most of the adsorption parameters. This research concludes that loess soils had high arsenic adsorption capacity than the alluvial soils. 


arsenic species; parent material; Freundlich isotherm

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