Chemical composition of selected winter green pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes

Janko Fedor Červenski, Dario Danojević, Aleksandra Savić

Abstract


Breeding and selection of winter pea for seed quality is a serious challenge to every breeder. The result of breeding mainly depends on good knowledge of the genetic material. Chemical and technological analysis was necessary for accurate determination of the following traits of technologically mature seed of the winter pea collection: protein content, total nitrogen content, total sugars content, starch content, fatty oil content, cellulose content, and ash content (g 100 g-1). Protein content in tested lines of pea ranged 22.86-28.04 g 100 g-1, total nitrogen content 3.66-4.49 g 100 g-1, total sugars content 10.30-14.67 g 100 g-1, starch content 39.44-46.23 g 100 g-1, fatty oil content 1.48-1.89 g 100 g-1, cellulose content 8.79-10.28 g 100 g-1, ash content 3.08-3.67 g 100 g-1. PCA analysis was used to mark out the three components, which collectively explained 81.59% of the total variation. The first one was mainly defined by ash content, total nitrogen, protein and cellulose. The second main component, independent from the first one, was mainly correlated to fatty oil content and starch, while the third was defined by the content of total sugars.

Keywords


technologically mature seed, quality

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/JSC170323094C

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