The use of mucilage extracted from Opuntia ficus indica as microencapsulating shell

Authors

  • Hanedi Elhleli Materials, Environment and Energy Laboratory (UR14ES26), Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa; Faculty of Sciences of Gabes, University of Gabes, Tunisia
  • Faten Mannai rials, Environment and Energy Laboratory (UR14ES26), Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa. Tunisia
  • Ramzi Khiari University of Monastir, Faculty of Sciences, UR13 ES 63 - Research Unity of Applied Chemistry & Environment, 5000 Monastir; Higher Institute of Technological Studies of Ksar Hellal, Department of Textile; University of Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LGP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4446-9014
  • Younes Moussaoui 6Organic Chemistry Laboratory (LR17ES08), Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, University of Sfax; Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa, Tunisia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0329-2443

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC200229033E

Keywords:

Opuntia ficus indica, extraction, microcapsules, mucilage cactus

Abstract

This study was aimed at investigating the micro-formulation of cap­sules using natural biopolymers, such as cactus mucilage (CM), carboxymethyl cellulose sodium salt (CMCNa) and chitosan (Chi) as the wall material, for the transport and supply of sunflower oil. CM samples were extracted from Opuntia ficus indica (OFI) by precipitation at different supernatant pH values (2, 4 and 12). The extracted natural polysaccharide and the resulting microcap­sules were characterized by different experimental techniques. Fourier trans­form infrared spectroscopy analysis of the CM showed the presence of uronic acid units and sugars. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that most par­ticles were adhered together, causing the formation of compact, linked agglo­merates, which resulted in different microstructures with irregular shapes. All oil–core microcapsules were characterized, and the results showed that the different shell materials could be used to microencapsulate sunflower oil. Among them, the microcapsule crosslinked with CM and Chi was the most suitable, with the highest encapsulation efficiency (95 %). This coacervation led to the narrowest size distribution of the capsules, with diameters ranging from 1 to 5 μm. Optical microscopy confirmed the deposition of coacervate droplets around oil drops and clearly showed that the formation of coacervated particles and their deposition onto oil droplets were successive events.

Author Biographies

Hanedi Elhleli, Materials, Environment and Energy Laboratory (UR14ES26), Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa; Faculty of Sciences of Gabes, University of Gabes, Tunisia

Materials, Environment and Energy Laboratory (UR14ES26), Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa, Tunisia.

Faten Mannai, rials, Environment and Energy Laboratory (UR14ES26), Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa. Tunisia

Materials, Environment and Energy Laboratory (UR14ES26), Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa, Tunisia.

Ramzi Khiari, University of Monastir, Faculty of Sciences, UR13 ES 63 - Research Unity of Applied Chemistry & Environment, 5000 Monastir; Higher Institute of Technological Studies of Ksar Hellal, Department of Textile; University of Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LGP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France

University of Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LGP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France

Younes Moussaoui, 6Organic Chemistry Laboratory (LR17ES08), Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, University of Sfax; Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, University of Gafsa, Tunisia

Organic Chemistry Laboratory (LR17ES08), Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, University of Sfax, Tunisia.

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Graphical Abstract

Published

2021-01-30

How to Cite

[1]
H. Elhleli, F. Mannai, R. Khiari, and Y. Moussaoui, “The use of mucilage extracted from Opuntia ficus indica as microencapsulating shell”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 25-38, Jan. 2021.

Issue

Section

Biochemistry & Biotechnology