Polymeric nanocomposition for innovative functional enhancement of electrodes and proton exchange membrane in microbial fuel cell

Authors

  • Abdul Azeez Olayiwola Sirajudeen Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
  • M. Suffian M. Annuar Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3387-0160

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC200402054S

Keywords:

anode, cathode, proton exchange membrane, microbial fuel cell, polymeric nanocomposites

Abstract

Practical application of microbial fuel cell (MFC), a sustainable energy device, is hampered by low power output. Its principal components i.e. anode, cathode and proton exchange membrane (PEM) are the focus of enhancement and modification in terms of their functional design and material. The anode surface conduciveness as electron sink is crucial to the power output magnitude, while the cathode electrode should be reactive for efficient oxygen reduction at tri-phase junction. PEM is solely responsible for unidirectional proton flow concomitantly completing the electrical circuit. Polymeric nanocomposites as electrode modifier improved significantly anode/cathode/PEM functions thus overall MFC performance. The review highlights the progress made in polymer-based modifications to anode, cathode and PEM material and function between year 2014 to 2019. The effects to biocompatibility, surface area, internal resistance, electrochemical activities, environmental sustainability, and overall MFC performance are discussed.

Author Biography

M. Suffian M. Annuar, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia

Professor

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Published

2021-01-30

How to Cite

[1]
A. A. O. Sirajudeen and M. S. M. Annuar, “Polymeric nanocomposition for innovative functional enhancement of electrodes and proton exchange membrane in microbial fuel cell”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 1-23, Jan. 2021.

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