Phytochemical analysis of volatiles and biological activities of Chaerophyllum bulbosum L. essential oils

Authors

  • Jelena Stamenković University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Department of Chemistry, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2679-3139
  • Aleksandra Đorđević University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Department of Chemistry, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia
  • Gordana Stojanović University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Department of Chemistry, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3128-6510
  • Violeta Mitić University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Department of Chemistry, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4121-6492
  • Goran Petrović University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Department of Chemistry, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6608-6415

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC201020080S

Keywords:

chemical composition, GC/MS, antibacterial assay, antioxidant activity

Abstract

The present study reports for the first time the chemical composition of the headspace volatiles (HS) and essential oils obtained from fresh Chaero­phyllum bulbosum roots and aerial parts, as well as biological activities of the essential oils. Generally, monoterpene hydrocarbons were found to be the main class of all investigated samples, with (E)-β-ocimene being the most abundant component. The results of antibacterial assay showed that both investigated samples exhibit bactericidal activity against two tested Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis subs. spizizenii) while they were inactive against tested Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Salmo­nella abony). Regarding the antioxidant activity, it was found that the essential oils showed low antioxidant capacities in comparison with standard antioxidant compounds (such as butylated hydroxytoluene). The obtained results were exp­ected given the fact that the main components in both samples were mono­terpene hydrocarbons.

References

V. Nikolić, in: Flora SR Srbije, Vol. 5, M. Josifović, Ed., Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti, Belgrade, 1973, p. 327 (in Serbian)

J. Billot, C. Hartmann, N. Imbault, C. Joseph, J. Y. Péron, Rev. Gen. Froid. 4 (1989) 344

O. J. Ayala Garay, M. Briard, J. Granger, J. Y. Péron, Umbelliferae Improv. Newslett. 9 (1999) 20 (https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Oscar_J_Garay/publicati-on/330401135_-Phenologic_development_and_carbon_reserves_within_tuberous_rooted_chervil/links/5c3e4211a6fdccd6b5b0447a/Phenologic-development-and-carbon-reserves-within-tuberous-rooted-chervil.pdf)

J. Y. Péron, Acta Hort. 242 (1989) 123 (ISBN 9789066054035)

R. Polat, U. Cakilcioglu, F. Satıl, J. Ethnopharmacol. 148 (2013) 951 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.050)

S. Ivanov, M. Zlatanov, E. Ivanova, K. Aitzetmüller, Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 101 (1999) 307 (https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4133(199908)101:8<307::AID-LIPI307>3.0.CO;2-%23)

O. J. Ayala Garay, M. Briard, J. Y. Péron, V. Planchot, Acta Hortic. 598 (2003) 227 (https://wwwlib.teiep.gr/images/stories/acta/Acta%20598/598_33.pdf)

J. Y. Péron, M. Briard, Acta Hortic. 598 (2003) 235 (https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.598.34)

D. Brković, Lj. Čomić, S. Solujić-Sukdolak, Kragujevac J. Sci. 28 (2006) 65 (https://www.pmf.kg.ac.rs/KJS/volumes/kjs28/kjs28brkoviccomic65.pdf)

E. Kokkalou, E. Stefanou, Pharm. Acta Helv. 64 (1989) 133 (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2755958/)

S. A. Mamedova, É. R. Akhmedova, Chem. Nat. Compd. 27 (1991) 248 (https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00629777)

Sh. Masoudi, A. Faridchehr, S. Alizadehfard, N. Zabarjadshiraz, F. Chalabian, R. Taghizadfarid, A. Rustaiyan, Chem. Nat. Compd. 47 (2011) 829 (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-011-0076-1)

R. P. Adams, Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, 4th ed. Allured Publ. Corp., Carol Stream, IL 2007 (ISBN-13: 978-1932633214, ISBN-10: 1932633219)

G. Petrović, J. Stamenković, I. Kostevski, G. Stojanović, V. Mitić, B. Zlatković, Chem. Biodivers. 14 (2017) (https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201600367)

R. Re, N. Pellegrini, A. Proreggente, A. Pannala, M. Yang, Free Radical Biol. Med. 26 (1999) 1231 (https://doi.org/10.1016/S0891-5849(98)00315-3)

M. Dimitrijević, V. Stankov-Jovanović, J. Cvetković, T. Mihajilov-Krstev, G. Stojanović, V. Mitić, Anal. Methods. 7 (2015) 4181 (https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/getauthorversionpdf/c4ay03011g)

I. F. F. Benzie, J. J. Strain, Anal. Biochem. 239 (1996) 70 (https://doi.org/10.1006/abio.1996.0292)

M. Oyaizu, Jpn. J. Nutr. 44 (1986) 307 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5264/eiyogakuzashi.44.307)

R. Apak, K. Güçlü, M. Özyürek, B. B. Oğlu, M. Bener, Methods Mol. Biol. 477 (2008) 163 (https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-517-0_14)

A. Barra, Nat. Prod. Commun. 4 (2009) 1147 (https://doi.org/10.1177/1934578X0900400827)

G. Ruberto, M. T. Baratta, Food Chem. 69 (2000) 167 (https://doi org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00247-2).

Graphical Abstract : Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Published

2021-03-22

How to Cite

[1]
J. Stamenković, A. Đorđević, G. Stojanović, V. Mitić, and G. Petrović, “Phytochemical analysis of volatiles and biological activities of Chaerophyllum bulbosum L. essential oils”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 257-267, Mar. 2021.

Issue

Section

Biochemistry & Biotechnology