The extraction of Sr2+ with dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 in conventional organic solvent and ionic liquid diluents liquid diluents

Zheng Wei, Yang Gao, Yu Zhou, Caishan Jiao, Meng Zhang, Hongguo Hou, Wei Liu

Abstract


90Sr (t1/2 = 28.8 a), one of the most significant fission products in high-level radioactive liquid waste (HLLW), contributes to a large part of the heat load and radiation. Removal of 90Sr from the HLLW is beneficial for the final treatment of nuclear waste. In this paper, the extraction of Sr2+ was car­ried out using dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 (DCH18C6) in a variety of diluents including conventional organic solvents and novel ionic liquid solvents. The effect of several factors, such as nitric acid concentration, crown ether concen­tration and initial strontium concentration on the extraction of Sr2+ have been studied com­prehensively. The higher distribution ratio and the stripping effi­ciency of Sr2+ were obtained with the binary diluents consisted of n-octanol and acetylene tetra­chloride, which were compared with that using pure n-oct­anol as diluent. As for the CnmimNTf2 (n = 2, 4, 6) ionic liquid solvent sys­tems, the distribution ratio of Sr2+ was much higher in the nitric acid medium with low concentration than in the traditional solvent systems. The results showed that DC2mimNTf2 > DC4mimNTf2 > DC6mimNTf2, which indicated that shorter carbon chain benefits the extraction of Sr2+.

Keywords


strontium extraction; crown ether; diluent effect; high level liquid waste

Full Text:

PDF (2,246 kB)

References


A. P. Paiva, P. Malik, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 261 (2004) 485 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:JRNC.0000034890.23325.b5)

P. Sinharoy, D. Banerjee, J. N. Sharma, C. P. Kaushik, J. G. Shah, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 317 (2018) 919 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10967-018-5982-2)

S. Fukushima, T. Inoue, T. Inoue, S. Ozeki, Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 43 (1999) 597 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-3016(98)00431-3)

J. D. Law, R. S. Herbst, T. A. Todd, V. N. Romanovskiy, V. A. Babain, V. M. Esimantovskiy, I. V Smirnov, B. N. Zaitsev, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 19 (2001) 23 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/sei-100001371)

P. S. Dhami, C. Janardanan, P. Jagasia, S. Pahan, S. C. Tripathi, P. M. Gandhi, P. K. Wattal, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 296 (2012) 1341 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10967-012-2302-0)

V. S. Yankovskaya, I. I. Dovhyi, N. A. Bezhin, V. V. Milyutin, N. A. Nekrasova, S. V. Kapranov, V. F. Shulgin, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 318 (2018) 1085 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10967-018-6090-z)

W. W. Schulz, L. A. Bray, Sep. Sci. Technol. 22 (1987) 191 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496398708068948)

H. Y. Zhang, R. S. Wang, C. S. Lin, Y. X. Zhang, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 247 (2001) 541 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010630510267)

C. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, S. H. Han, Y.-K. Ha, S. Kyuseok, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 288 (2011) 319 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10967-011-0984-3)

Y. Xu, Y. Gao, Y. Zhou, C. Fan, H. Hou, M. Zhang, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 35 (2017) 507 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07366299.2017.1373997)

C. H. Lee, H. J. Ahn, J. M. Lee, Y. K. Ha, J. Y. Kim, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 308 (2016) 809 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10967-015-4535-1)

S. J. Datta, P. Oleynikov, W. K. Moon, Y. Ma, A. Mayoral, H. Kim, C. Dejoie, M. K. Song, O. Terasaki, K. B. Yoon, Energy Environ. Sci. 12 (2019) 1857 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8ee03302a)

A. Surrao, S. W. Smith, E. Foerster, H. B. Spitz, D. G. Graczyk, J. A. Landero, F. Derek, R. M. William, B. C. Jennifer, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. (2019) (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10967-019-06432-w)

V. N. Romanovskiy, I. V Smirnov, V. A. Babain, T. A. Todd, R. S. Herbst, J. D. Law, K. N. Brewer, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 19 (2001) 1 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/sei-100001370)

C. J. Pedersen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89 (1967) 7017 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00986a052)

E. P. Horwitz, M. L. Dietz, D. E. Fisher, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 8 (2007) 557 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07366299008918017)

P. K. Mohapatra, P. N. Pathak, V. K. Manchanda, Talanta 45 (1997) 387 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(97)00142-2)

D. R. Raut, P. K. Mohapatra, V. K. Manchanda, Radiochim. Acta 97 (2009) (http://dx.doi.org/10.1524/ract.2009.1660)

P. K. Mohapatra, D. S. Lakshmi, V. K. Manchanda, Desalination 198 (2006) 166 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2006.03.516)

F. Fan, F. Fan, J. Bai, W. Tian, Y. Wang, X. Wu, X. Yin, Z. Qin, J. Nucl. Radiochem. 35 (2013) 235 (http://dx.doi.org/10.7538/hhxyfshx.2013.35.04.0235)

S. H. Ha, R. N. Menchavez, Y.-M. Koo, Korean J. Chem. Eng. 27 (2010) 1360 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11814-010-0386-1)

F. Fan, Z. Qin, S. Cao, C. Tan, Q. Huang, D. Chen, J. Wang, X. Yin, C. Xu, X. Feng, Inorg. Chem. 58 (2019) 603 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b02783)

I. Billard, A. Ouadi, C. Gaillard, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400 (2011) 1555 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-010-4478-x)

S. Dai, Y. H. Ju, C. E. Barnes, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. (1999) 1201 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/A809672D)

J. L. Wankowski, M. L. Dietz, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 34 (2016) 48 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07366299.2015.1110410)

H. Luo, S. Dai, P. V Bonnesen, Anal. Chem. 76 (2004) 2773 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac035473d)

A. E. Visser, R. P. Swatloski, W. M. Reichert, S. T. Griffin, R. D. Rogers, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 39 (2000) 3596 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie000426m)

T. Takahashi, T. Ito, S.-Y. Kim, Energy Procedia 131 (2017) 170 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.462)

D. R. Raut, P. K. Mohapatra, V. K. Manchanda, Sep. Sci. Technol. 45 (2010) 204 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496390903423774)

Y. Yongqing, Wanj. Heng, M. Yan, P. Xiaobing, T. Xiuhuan, X. Yan, J. Nucl. Radiochem. 29 (2007) 204 (http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.0253-9950.2007.04.003)

H. Heitzman, B. A. Young, D. J. Rausch, P. Rickert, D. C. Stepinski, M. L. Dietz, Talanta 69 (2006) 527 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2005.09.046)

C. Xu, X. Shen, Q. Chen, H. Gao, Sci. China, Ser. B: Chem. 52 (2009) 1858 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11426-009-0268-8)

L. Yuan, J. Peng, L. Xu, M. Zhai, J. Li, G. Wei, Dalton Trans. (2008) 6358 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b811413g).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC190417111W

Copyright (c) 2019 J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

IMPACT FACTOR 1.097
5 Year Impact Factor 1.023
(
138 of 177 journals)