Investigation the effects of Al-grafting and calcination temperature on acidity and physicochemical properties of silica SBA-15

Reza Orouj, Mehdi Rashidzadeh, Akbar Irandoukht, Sepehr Sadighi


In this study, the effect of calcination temperature and Si/Al molar ratio on acidity and physicochemical properties of silica SBA-15 were investigated. Silica SBA-15 samples were calcined at 350, 450 and 550 °C, and then post-synthesis Al-grafting method was applied to incorporate aluminum species into their framework with Si/Al mole ratio of 10 and 30. Characterizations using small angle XRD and N2 adsorption-desorption techniques indicated that hexagonal mesoporous structure was retained after performing Al-grafting even at high aluminum loading. Moreover, the FTIR results implied that aluminum species were incorporated into SBA-15 framework. NH3-TPD results showed that by decreasing Si/Al mole ratio at all calcination temperatures, the number of weak acid sites increased in comparison to the pure SBA-15 samples. Additionally, the maximum total acidity of synthesized samples was observed at the calcination temperature of 450 °C with Si/Al mole ratio of 30.


silica SBA-15; post-synthesis Al-grafting; acidity; physicochemical properties.

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