Electrochemical characterisation of novel screen-printed carbon paste electrodes for voltammetric measurements

Milan Sýs, Elmorsy Khaled, Radovan Metelka, Karel Vytřas

Abstract


This work is focused on homemade screen‑printed carbon paste electrode containing basically graphite powder (or glassy carbon powder), polyvinylchloride (PVC), and paraffin oil. It compares the electrochemical properties of conventional carbon‑based electrodes and proposed screen‑printed carbon paste electrodes towards [Fe(CN)6]3‑/[Fe(CN)6]4‑ and quinone/hydroquinone redox couples. Significant attention is paid to the development of corresponding carbon inks, printing and surface characterisation of resulting electrodes by scanning electron microscopy. An optimization consisted in selection of organic solvent, optimum content of used polymer with chosen paste binder, proposal appropriate isolation of electric contact etc. Very similar properties of prepared screen-printed electrodes containing only corresponding carbon powder and 3% PVC with their conventional carbon paste electrode and glassy carbon-based electrodes were observed during their characterisation. Screen‑printed electrodes with the pasting liquid presence usually provided satisfied analytical data. Moreover, they can be used in flow injection analysis and could undoubtedly replace the carbon paste grooved electrodes. It can be assumed that certain progress in the development of electrode materials was achieved by this research.


Keywords


carbon paste; carbon ink; screen printed electrodes; redox couples; cyclic voltammetry

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/JSC170207047S

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