Comparative mineralization of Basic Red 18 with electrochemical advanced oxidation processes

Belgin Gozmen, Ozgur Sonmez, Azize Sozutek

Abstract


In this study, the role of electrochemical oxidation processes including, the electro-Fenton, electro-persulfate (PS), and electro/FeII/PS processes, in the removal of Basic Red 18 (BR18) from aqueous solutions was investigated. It was found that the electro-PS process successfully removes color, but after 5 h, it produced only 75% mineralization. In the same conditions, more effective mineralization was achieved by the electro/FeII/PS process than by the electro-Fenton method. At pH levels of 3.0 and 5.7, very effective mineralization results were produced by the electro/FeII/PS process. Moreover, the maximum mineralization current efficiency values were obtained by the electro/FeII/PS process. The mineralization efficiency of the electro/FeII/PS process was determined to be 97% under the following conditions: BR18 initial dye concentration of 100 mg L-1, pH of 5.7, contact time of 5 h, PS concentration of 10 mM, Fe2+ ion concentration of 0.2 mM, and a sodium sulfate concentration of 0.05 Mion concentration of 0.2 mM and sodium sulfate concentration of 0.05 M.


Keywords


Advanced electro-oxidation processes, Fenton, persulfate, azo dye, decolorization.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/JSC170227095G

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