Chemical composition and nutritive potential of Cichorium intybus L. leaves from Montenegro

Dejan Jančić, Vanja Todorović, Zorica Basić, Slađana Šobajić

Abstract


The leaves of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) plant have been used for centuries in Montenegro and other Mediterranean countries as a vegetable in salads, sauces and other types of appetizers and meals. The wild and culti­vated chicory leaves from different locations in Montenegro were analysed regarding several nutrients, major and trace element as well as vitamin compo­sition, using standard methods of analysis. The results of the study indicated that chicory leaves were rich in total dietary fiber and mineral content and had low energy value. Also, they were potential sources of useful nutrients such as potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, and vitamin A, with the average content of 391.9, 164.7, 0.55, 2.33 and 0.47 mg/100 g in fresh leaves, respectively. Wild plants were superior to the cultivated ones regarding carbohydrate, cal­cium and manganese content. Origin of the chicory leaves significantly influ­enced most of the analyzed parameters.

Keywords


chicory; nutrients; minerals; vitamins

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC160313057S

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