Preconcentration of ultra-traces Cu(II) in water samples using SBA-15 sorbent modified with thiocarbohydrazide ligand prior to determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry

Mahmood Payehghadr, Hamid Reza Haghgoo Qezelje, Farzaneh Nourifard, Abdolmohammad Attaran, Mehdi Kalhor

Abstract


A simple, reliable and rapid method for extraction of ultra-trace copper(II) using nanoporous SBA-15 sorbent modified with thiocarbo­hydra­zide ligand, and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is pre­sented. The optimum parameters of the method were obtained as: pH of aqueous solution 5, the sorbent amount 2 mg, stirring time 20 min, 0.4 M HCl solution as eluent solvent. This method has a breakthrough volume greater than 1500 mL with a concentration factor of more than 300, linear range 0.8‑2500.0 µg L-1, limit of detection 0.253 µg L–1 and limit of quantitation 0.844 µg L–1 for copper(II). The capacity SBA-15 modified by 2 mg of sorbent was found to be 123.00±0.04 mg g-1. Standard deviations were 3.3, 2.3 and 2.1 % for 1, 2 and 4 mg mL-1, respectively (n = 5). This method was success­sfully applied for determination of copper(II) in different real samples, especially in the food samples.

Keywords


nanoporous sorbent; thiocarbohydrazide; flame atomic absorption spectrometry; copper(II)

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC180606093P

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