Preconcentration of ultra-traces of Cu(II) in water samples using SBA-15 sorbent modified with a thiocarbohydrazide ligand prior to determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry

Mahmood Payehghadr, Hamidreza Haghgoo Qezelje, Farzaneh Nourifard, Abdolmohammad Attaran, Mehdi Kalhor

Abstract


A simple, reliable and rapid method for the extraction of ultra-trace copper(II) using nanoporous SBA-15 sorbent modified with a thiocarbo­hyd­razide ligand, and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is presented. The optimum parameters of the method were obtained as pH of aqueous solution 5, sorbent amount 2 mg, stirring time 20 min and 0.4 M HCl solution as the eluent solvent. This method has a breakthrough volume greater than 1500 mL with a concentration factor of more than 300, linear range 0.8–2500.0 µg L-1, limit of detection 0.253 µg L-1 and limit of quantification 0.844 µg L-1 for copper(II). The capacity of 2 mg of modified SBA-15was found to be 123.00±0.04 mg g-1. Standard deviations were 3.3, 2.3 and 2.1 % for 1, 2 and 4 mg mL-1, respectively (n = 5). This method was successfully applied for the determination of copper(II) in different real samples, especially in the food samples.


Keywords


nanoporous sorbent; thiocarbohydrazide; flame atomic absorption spectrometry; copper(II)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC180606093P

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