Efficient removal of malachite green from aqueous solution by adsorption on carbon nanotubes modified with ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles

Shiva Dehghan Abkenar, Morassa Hassannezhad, Morteza Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Ganjali


In this study, multiwall carbon nanotubes modified with spinel zinc ferrite nanoparticle (ZnFe2O4/MWCNTs) were used as a solid phase adsorbent for removal of malachite green (MG) from aqueous media. The synthesized nanocomposite was characterized by different methods such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Batch adsorption experiments to determine the optimal adsorption conditions, and the different factors which influence the adsorption efficiency (i.e. pH, amount of adsorbent, contact time, and the initial concentration of MG) were also evaluated and optimized and the data were satisfactorily fitted to the Langmuir model and a maximum adsorption capacity of 116.2 mg g-1 was obtained at a pH of 7.5. Also, the adsorption kinetics studies were performed on the parameters. The adsorption of the model dye (MG) was found to reach equilibrium after 60 min, following a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. In addition, the external magnetic field could easily separate nanoparticles from water with high separation efficiency.


dye removal; malachite green; modified multiwall carbon nanotubes; spinel zinc ferrite nanoparticle

Full Text:

PDF (1,424 kB)


F. Naseeruteen, N. S. Abdul Hamid, F. Bukhari, M. Suah, W. S. Wan Ngah, F. Shimal Mehamod, Int. J. Biological Macromol. 107 (2018) 1270 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.09.111)

M. Amiri, M. Salavati-Niasari, A. Akbari, T. Gholami, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 42 (2017) 24846 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.08.077)

M. Wawrzkiewicz, Solvent Extr. Ion Exc. 30 (2012) 507 (https://doi.org/10.1080/07366299.2011.639253)

G. Crini, Bioresour. Technol. 90 (2003) 193


C. D. Shuang, P. H. Li, A. M. Li, Q. Zhou, M. C. Zhang, Y. Zhou, Water Res. 46 (2012) 4417 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.05.052)

S. D. Abkenar, M. Khoobi, R. Tarasi, M. Hosseini, A. Shafiee, M. R. Ganjali, J. Environ. Eng. 141 (2015) 04014049 (https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000878)

B. Maddah, S. S. Javadi, A. Mirzaei, M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, J. Liq. Chromatogr. Relat. Technol. 38 (2015) 208 (https://doi.org/10.1080/10826076.2014.896820)

F. Salehnia, M. Hosseini, M.R. Ganjali, Microchim. Acta 184 (2017) 2157 (https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s00604-017-2130-6)

H. R. Naderi, M. R. Ganjali, P. Norouzi, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 11 (2016) 4267 (https://doi.org/10.20964/2016.06.60)

M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, S. M. Pourmortazavi, M. R. Ganjali, P. Norouzi, F. Faridbod, M. SadeghpourKarimi, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 28 (2017) 3325 (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-016-5926-y)

S. C. Wei, S. Fan, C. W. Lien, B. Unnikrishnan, Y. S. Wang, H. W. Chu, C. C. Huang, P. H. Hsu, H. T. Chang, Anal. Chim. Acta 1003 (2018) 42 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.076)

S. Srivastava, R. Sinha, D. Roy, Aquat. Toxicol. 66 (2004) 319 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2003.09.008)

M. Sundararajan, S. K. Ghosh, J. Phys. Chem. A 115 (2011) 6732 (https://doi.org/10.1021/jp203723t)

F. Belloni, C. Kütahyali, V. V. Rondinella, P. Carbol, T. Wiss, A. Mangione, Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (2009) 1250 (https://doi.org/10.1021/es802764g)

L. Tan, Q. Liu, X. Jing, J. Liu, D. Song, S. Hu, L. Liu, J. Wang, Chem. Eng. J. 273 (2015) 307 (https://doi.org/10.1039/C7RA07260K)

C. Hong Chen, Y. H. Liang, W. D. Zhang, J. Alloy Compd 501 (2010) 168 (https://doi.org/10.1039/C1RA00260K)

M. Hosseini, M.Aghazadeh, M. R. Ganjali, New J. Chem. 41 (2017) 12678 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7NJ02082A)

M. Arvand, Sh. Hemmati, Sens. Actuators B 238 (2017) 346 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2016.07.066)

D. S. Mathew, R. S. Juang, Chem. Eng. J. 129 (2007) 51 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2006.11.001)

B. Unal, M. Senel, A. Baykal, H. Sözeri, Current Appl. Phys. 13 (2013) 1404 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cap.2013.04.020)

A. A. Ensafi, B. Saeid, B. Rezaei, A. R. Allafchian, Ionics 21 (2015) 1435 (https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-014-1291-0)

L. AsadiKafshgari, M. Ghorbani, A. Azizi, S. Agarwald, V. Kumar Gupta, J. Mol. Liquids 233 (2017) 370 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.03.047)

M. B. Gholivand, A. Akbari, M. Faizi, F. Jafari, J. Electroanal. Chem. 796 (2017) 17


A. Hirsch, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 41, (2002)1853 (https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3773(20020603)41:11<1853::AID-ANIE1853>3.0.CO;2-N)

H. Fayazfar, A. Afshar, A. Dolati, Mater. Sci. Appl. 4 (2013) 667 (http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/msa.2013.411083)

M. Zahraei, A. Monshi, D. Shahbazi-Gahrouei, M. Amirnasr, B. Behdadfar, M. Rostami, JNS 5 (2015) 77 (https://doi.org/10.7508/jns.2015.02.001)

B. H. Hameed, M. I. El-Khaiary, J. Hazard. Mater. 159 (2008) 574 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.02.054)

S. EngLagergren, Handlingar 24 (1898) 1.

Y. S. Ho, G. McKay, Chem. Eng. J. 70 (1998) 115 (https://doi.org/10.1016/S0923-0467(98)00076-1)

Y. Zhou, Y. Min, H. Qiao, Q. Huang, E. Wang, T. Ma, Int. J. Biolog. Macromol. 74 (2014) 271 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.12.020)

L. Ai, H. Huang, Z. Chen, X. Wei, J. Jiang, Chem. Eng. J. 156 (2010) 243 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.08.028)

M. Ghaedi, F. Nasiri Azad, K. Dashtian, S. Hajati, A. Goudarzi, M. Soylak, Spectrochim. Acta A 167 (2016) 157 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2016.05.025)

X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Yang, Y. Wan, H. Hu, Z. Zhai, J. Qin, J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 437 (2015) 277 ( https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2014.09.048 )

E. Sharifpour, H. Z. Khafri, M. Ghaedi, A. Asfaram, R. Jannesar, Ultrason Sonochem. 40 (2018) 373(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2017.07.030)

F. Bouaziza, M. Koubaab, F. Kallela, R.EllouzGhorbela, S. EllouzChaabouni, Int. J. Biolog. Macromol. 105 (2017) 56 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.06.106)

I. Langmuir, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 38 (1916) 2221(https://doi.org/10.1021/ja02268a002)

H. M. F. Freundlich, J. Phys. Chem. 57 (1906) 385.

F. Haghseresht, G. Lu, Energy Fuels 12 (1998) 1100 (https://doi.org/10.1021/ef9801165)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC181228038D

Copyright (c) 2019 J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

IMPACT FACTOR 0.828 (140 of 172 journals)
5 Year Impact Factor 0.917 (140 of 172 journals)