Aluminum/zirconium alloys obtained by Al underpotential deposition onto Zr from low temperature AlCl3+NaCl molten salts

Vesna S. Cvetković, Niko Jovićević, Nataša M Vukićević, Jovan N. Jovićević


Contrary to the widely accepted hypothesis that it is not possible, alu­minum underpotential deposition (UPD) onto zirconium from a low tempera­ture (200, 250 and 300 °C) equimolar chloroaluminate melt was recorded. Fur­ther­more, it was shown that aluminum UPD facilitates alloy formation between the deposited aluminum monolayer and the zirconium substrate by interdif­fusion. The aluminum/zirconium alloys formed at temperatures substantially lower than those needed for thermal preparation of the same alloys were Al3Zr2 and Al3Zr. The experimental techniques linear sweep voltammetry, potential step, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction were used for the characterization of the obtained electrode surfaces.


electrochemical metal deposition; chloroaluminate melt; solid state interdiffusion; intermetallics

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