Characteristics of the citrate based zinc-polyaniline secondary cell with supercapattery behavior

Branimir Grgur, Milica Gvozdenović, Branimir Jugović, Tomisla Trišović


Electrochemical characteristic of zinc-polyaniline (PANI) secondary cell in the electrolyte containing 0.8 M Na-citrate, 0.3 M NH4Cl and 0.3 M ZnCl2is investigated. Based on measurements of potentials and voltage of the cell during charge/discharge for the currents in the range of 18 to 45 mA, specific electrode capacity of 85 to 55 mA h g-1, the specific energy of 60-40 mW h g-1 and specific power of 150-350 mW g–1, is determined.


polyaniline; zinc; batteries; pseudocapacitors; citrates

Full Text:

PDF (1,237 kB)


A. G. MacDiarmid, J. C. Chiang, M. Halpern, W. S. Huang, J. R. Krawczyk, R. J. Mammone, S. L. Mu, N. L. D. Somasiri and W. Wu, Polym. Prep. Am. Chem. Soc. Div. Polym. Chem. 252) (1984) 248

P. Novák, K. Müller, K. S. V. Santhanam, O. Haas, Chem Rev. 97 (1997) 207 (

A. Eftekhari, L. Li, Y. Yang, J. Power Sources 347 (2017) 86

A. A. Alguail, A. H. Al-Eggiely, B. N. Grgur, J. Saudi Chem. Soc. 21 (2017) 575 (

L. Yu, G. Z. Chen, J. Power Source 326 (2016) 604 (

M. Winter, R. J. Brodd, Chem. Rev.104(10) (2004) 4245 (

A. A. Alguail, A. H. Al-Eggiely, M. M. Gvozdenović, B. Z. Jugović, B. N. Grgur, J. Power Sources 313 (2016) 240 (

B. Jugović, M. Gvozdenović, J. Stevanović, T. Trišović, B. Grgur, J. Appl. Electrochem.39(12) (2009) 2521 (

B. Z. Jugović, T. Lj. Trišović, J. S. Stevanović, M. D. Maksimović, B. N. Grgur, Electrochim. Acta 51 (2006) 6268. (

J. Stejskal, D. Hlavatá, P. Holler, M. Trchová, J. Prokeš, I. Sapurina. Polym Int. 53 (2004) 294 (

G. Berthon, P. M. May, D. R. Williams, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 11 (1978) 1433 (

B. N. Grgur, M. Janačković, B. Z. Jugović, M. M. Gvozdenovića, Mater. Sci. Eng. B-Adv. 243 (2019) 175 (

M. S. Rahmanifar, M. F. Mousavi, M. Shamsipur, H. Heli, Synthetic Metals 155 (2005) 480 (


Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

IMPACT FACTOR 0.828 (140 of 172 journals)
5 Year Impact Factor 0.917 (140 of 172 journals)