The extraction of antioxidative compounds from rusks enriched with millet flour (Panicum miliaceum L.)

Dajana T. Poleksić, Milica Ž. Pavlićević, Jelena M. Raković-Simić, Vladislav A. Rac, Biljana V. Vucelić-Radović, Vesna M. Rakić

Abstract


Two different ways of extracting antioxidative compounds (including soluble polyphenols) from rusks made from wheat flour with added millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) were compared, i.e., solvent extraction and in vitro digestion. Wheat flour was replaced by millet flour in amounts of 10, 20 or 30 wt. % (per dry mass). Solvent extraction was realized using a mixture of ethanol and water in different percentages, with or without the addition of formic acid. The total content of phenolic compounds (TPC) was determined using Folin–
–Cio­calteu reagent, while the antioxidative capacity was measured by the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) assay. The efficiency of solvent extraction was enhanced by the addition of formic acid. The addition of millet flour in amounts up to 20 % enhanced the antioxidative properties. It was shown that in vitro digestion was more efficient in the extraction of antioxidative compounds, in comparison with solvent extraction.


Keywords


in vitro digestion; antioxidative activity; Folin–Ciocalteu method; DPPH test

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC171229028P

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