Far-reaching governance of electrode potential: The case of priority in metal exploitation

Svetomir Hadži Jordanov


Is the priority applied during metals introduction in mankind’s service responsible for the forthcoming crisis in raw materials supply? Was the priority erroneous?

To solve this dilemma, the relevant characteristics of a GCIAL metals were compared,the acronym standing forGold, Copper, Iron, Aluminum and Lithium. These five metals were ranged according to the (1) time of their incorporationin exploitation, (2) abundance in Earth’s crust, (3) mineral resources reserves, (4) stability, and, partially, (5) the achieved level of mankind’s scientific highlights and technical expertise in that period.  It was shown that the start of exploitation of the GCIAL metals doesn’t correlate at all with their abundance, or their reserves in nature, but there is a straight correlation with their stability in metallic state, as expressed with the corresponding values of the normalelectrode potential. This is an expected behavior because the electrode potential is an alternative way of expressing the free energy change during the oxidation/reduction electrode reaction. Such a result also eliminates any doubt of error mentioned above.  It is thus clear that the introduction of metals in human use was determined by their nature only and has nothing in common with the insufficient abundance not only for the GCIAL, but probably for all other ‘technical metals’, the main pillars of our technical standard.



raw materials; metals in human use; abundance; stability; reserves

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC190719086H

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