Adsorption–desorption behaviour of clomazone in Regosol and Chernozem agricultural soils

Authors

  • Rada D. Đurović-Pejčev Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Banatska 31b, 11080 Belgrade
  • Svjetlana B. Radmanović University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Zemun-Belgrade
  • Zorica P. Tomić University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Zemun-Belgrade
  • Lazar M. Kaluđerović University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Zemun-Belgrade
  • Vojislava P. Bursić University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Trg D. Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad
  • Ljiljana R. Šantrić Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Banatska 31b, 11080 Belgrade

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC190917122D

Keywords:

pesticides, sorption, soil, modelling

Abstract

Studies of adsorption and desorption of pesticides by soils are imp­ortant for understanding and predicting their fate and transmission in the envi­ronment. Considering the agricultural and environmental relevance of cloma­zone, its sorption–desorption behaviour was studied in two widespread Serbian agricultural soil types named Regosol and Chernozem. Both phenomena are well-described by the Freundlich equation, which shows that clomazone is generally sorbed more to organic matter than to the mineral soil fractions. Chernozem, a soil containing more of both organic matter and clay, was found to bind more, and desorb less herbicide, than Regosol. Higher desorption hys­teresis obtained for Chernozem could be attributed to its larger number of high-
-energy sorption sites, compared to Regosol. In both soils, the hysteresis effect increases with the rise of initial clomazone concentration in the soil-water sys­tem, while the percentage of desorbed amount during successive desorption cycles decreases. The presented adsorption–desorption study shows that soil composition plays an important role in clomazone behaviour and fate in the environment, and a significantly reduced probability of contamination of both the deeper soil layers and groundwater may be expected when this herbicide is found in humus-rich soils.

Author Biography

Rada D. Đurović-Pejčev, Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Banatska 31b, 11080 Belgrade

Laboratory of Chemistry

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Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

[1]
R. D. Đurović-Pejčev, S. B. Radmanović, Z. P. Tomić, L. M. Kaluđerović, V. P. Bursić, and L. R. Šantrić, “Adsorption–desorption behaviour of clomazone in Regosol and Chernozem agricultural soils”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 809-819, Jun. 2020.

Issue

Section

Environmental Chemistry

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