Chemical composition of selected winter green pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes

Main Article Content

Janko Fedor Červenski
Dario Danojević
Aleksandra Savić

Abstract

Breeding and selection of winter pea for seed quality is a serious challenge to every breeder. The result of breeding mainly depends on good knowledge of the genetic material. Chemical and technological analysis is necessary for an accurate determination of the following traits of techno­logic­ally mature seed of the winter pea collection: protein content, total nitrogen content, total sugars content, starch content, fatty oil content, cellulose content, and ash content (g (100 g)-1). The protein content in the tested lines of pea was in the range 22.86–28.04 g (100 g)-1, the total nitrogen content 3.66–4.49 g (100 g)-1, total sugars content 10.30–14.67 g (100 g)-1, starch content 39.44–
–46.23 g (100 g)-1, fatty oil content 1.48–1.89 g (100 g)-1, cellulose content 8.79–10.28 g (100 g)-1 and ash content 3.08–3.67 g (100 g)-1. PCA analysis was used to identify the three components that collectively explained 81.59 % of the total variation. The first component was mainly defined by the ash and the total nitrogen, protein and cellulose contents. The second one, independent from the first one, was mainly correlated to the fatty oil and starch contents, while the third was defined by the content of total sugars. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
J. F. Červenski, D. Danojević, and A. Savić, “Chemical composition of selected winter green pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., vol. 82, no. 11, pp. 1237-1246, Dec. 2017.
Section
Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Author Biographies

Janko Fedor Červenski, Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000 Novi Sad

Vegetable department

Dario Danojević, Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000 Novi Sad

Vegetable department

Aleksandra Savić, Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000 Novi Sad

Vegetable department

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