Synthesis of proton exchange membranes for dual-chambered microbial fuel cells

Sandeep Dharmadhikari, Prabir Ghosh, Manivannan Ramachandran

Abstract


Proton exchange membranes (PEMs) were synthesized using three different compositions of poly(oxyethylene) (POE), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), chitosan (CS) and phosphoric acid (PA) in weight ratios of 1:1:1:1, 1:2:1:1 and 1:3:1:1 by physical blending and the casting method. Water uptake of the mem­brane increases with increasing concentration of PVA. A higher percentage of water uptake signifies a higher ion exchange capacity (IEC) of the synthesized membrane. The synthesized membranes were evaluated in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and the performance observed. The synthesized membranes were char­ac­terized for identification of precursor material and inter polymer interactions using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectro­scopy analysis, respectively. The removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) depends on the microbial activity in the anodic chamber. In the present study, the composition of the membrane was optimized and compared with other membranes that had been synthesized by different compositions of all mat­erials. COD removal in the MFC-3 setup connected with an M-3 mem­brane was found to be 88 %.


Keywords


ion exchange capacity; chemical oxygen demand; water uptake; power density; current density; open circuit voltage

Full Text:

PDF (1,154 kB)

References


B.E. Logan, B. Hamelers, R. Rozendal, U. Schroder, J. Keller, S. Freguia, K. Rabaey, Environ. Sci. Technol. 40 (2006) 5181.

J. Liu , Y. Qiao, C.X. Gu, S. Lim, H. Song, C.M. Li, Bioresour. Technol. 30 (2012) 275.

B. Viswanathan, M. Helen, Bulletin of the catalysis Society of India 6 (2007) 50.

K.J. Chae, M. Choi, F.F. Ajayi, W. Park, I.S. Chang, I.S. Kim, Energy Fuels 25 (2007) 169.

M.A. Hickner, H. Ghassemi, Y.S. Kim, B.R. Einsla, J.E. McGrath, Chem. Rev. 104 (2004) 4587.

N.W. Deluca, Y.A. Elabd, J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 44 (2006) 2201.

K. Schmidt-Rohr, Q. Chen. Nat. Mater. 7 (2008) 75.

W. Apichatachutapan, R.B. Moore, K.A. Mauritz, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 62 (1996) 417.

B. Bae, B.H. Chun, H.Y. Ha, I.H. Oh, D. Kim, J.Membr. Sci. 202 (2002) 245.

M. Helen, B. Viswanathan, S.S. Murthy, J.Membr. Sci. 292 (2007) 98.

S.P. Jiang, H. Tang, Colloids Surf., A. 407 (2012) 49.

N. Hasanabadi, S.R. Ghaffarian, M.M. Hasani-Sadrabadi, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36 (2011) 15323.

M.M. Sadrabadi, S.R. Ghaffarian, P. Renaud, RSC Adv. 3 (2013) 19357.

M. Erkartal, H. Usta, M. Citir, U. Sen, J. Membr. Sci. 499 (2016) 156.

M. Mamlouk, K. Scott, J. Power Sources 286 (2015) 290.

M.A.Vargas, R.A. Vargas, B.E. Mellander, Electrochim. Acta. 44 (1999) 4227.

B. Smitha, S. Sridhar, A.A. Khan, J. Membr. Sci. 259 (2005) 10.

R.S.D. Daries, G. Hirankumar, R.N. Krishnaraj, D.P. Anand, Mater. Lett. 165 (2016) 551.

M. Ghasemi, W.R. Daud, A.F. Ismail, Y. Jafari, M. Ismail, A. Mayahi, J. Othman, Desalination 16 (2013) 1.

Y.S. Ye, J. Rick, B.J. Hwang, Polymers 26 (2012) 913.

A. Svang-Ariyaskul, R.Y. Huang, P.L. Douglas, R. Pal, X. Feng, P. Chen, L. Liu, J. Membr. Sci. 280 (2006) 815.

X. Li, F. Gao, Z. Hua, G. Du, J. Chen. Sep. Purif. Technol. 46 (2005) 19.

P. Singhvi, M. Chhabra, J. Biorem. Biodegrad. 4 (2013) 1.

G. Wang, L. Huang, Y. Zhang, Biotechnol. Lett. 30 (2008) 1959.

B. Nearingburg, A.L. Elias, J. Membr. Sci. 389 (2012) 154.

H.C. Chien, L.D. Tsai, C.P. Huang, C.Y. Kang, J.N. Lin, F.C. Chang. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38 (2013) 13792.

M.S. Boroglu, S.Cavus, I. Boz, A. Ata, Polym. Lett. 5 (2011) 470.

M.A. Masuelli, M. Grasselli, J. Marchese, N.A. Ochoa, J. Membr. Sci. 389 (2012) 91.

A. Taeger, C. Vogel, D. Lehmann, D. Jehnichen, H. Komber, J. Meier-Haac k, N.A. Ochoa, S.P. Nunes, K. Peinemann, React. Funct. Polym. 57 (2003) 77.

F.J. Fernandez-Carretero, V. Compan, E. Riande, J. Power Sources 173 (2007) 68.

J. Liu, Y. Qiao, C.X. Guo, S. Lim, H. Song, C.M. Li, Bioresour.Technol. 114 (2012) 275.

C.H. Lin, C.H. Wan, W. Wu, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 8 (2013) 8236.

H.B. Khalili, D. Mohebbi-Kalhori, M.S. Afarani, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 42 (2017) 8233.

A. Canals, A. Cuesta, L. Gras, M.R. Hernandez, Ultrason. Sonochem. 9 (2002) 143.

W. Li, C. Gao, J. Guo, Y. Ren, X. Deng, Y. Liu, Solid State Ion. 278 (2015) 254.

K.N. Kumar, R. Padma, L. Vijayalakshmi, M. Kang, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 1 (2016) 137.

A. Arafat, S.A. Samad, S.M. Masum, M. Moniruzzaman, Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res. 6 (2015) 538.

R. Guleria, N.S. Kaith, R. Singh, Int. J. Pharm. Sci. 4 (2012) 507.

K. Saradha, S. Bangaru, G. Muralidharan, J. Lumin. 142 (2013) 184.

Z. Osman, A.K. Arof, ‎Electrochima. Acta. 48 (2003) 993.

D.P. Minh, N.D. Tran, A. Nzihou, P. Sharrock. Mater. Res. Bull. 51 (2014) 236.

S.J. Peighambardoust, S. Rowshanzamir, M. Amjadi. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 35 (2010) 9349.

O.W. Guirguis, M.T. Moselhey, Nat. Sci. 4 (2012) 1.

F.J. Fernandez-Carretero, V. Compan, E. Riande, J. Power Sources 173 (2007) 68.

M. Ghasemi, W.R.W. Daud, M. Ismail, M. Rahimnejad, A.F. Ismail, J.X. Leong, K.B. Liew, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38 (2013) 5480.

M.J. Choi, K.J. Chae, F.F. Ajayi, K.Y. Kim, H.W. Yu, C.W. Kim, Bio. Technol. 298 (2011) 298.

V.K.K. Upadhyayula, V. Gadhamshetty, Biotechnol. Advan. 28 (2010) 802.

M. Ghasemi, W.R. Daud, S.H. Hassan, S.E. Oh, M. Ismail, M. Rahimnejad, J.M. Jahim, J. Alloys Compd. 580 (2013) 245.

F. Domenico, A. Grazia, F. Claudio, C. Raffaele, Mater. Res. Bull. 88 (2017) 188.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC170902016D

Copyright (c) 2018 J. Serb. Chem. Soc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

IMPACT FACTOR 0.797 (139 of 171 journals)
5 Year Impact Factor 0,923 (134 of 171 journals)