The influence of different enzymatic preparations and skin contact time on aromatic profile of wines produced from autochthonous grape varieties Krstač and Žižak Scientific paper

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Valerija Madžgalj
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6081-5293
Aleksandar Petrović
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7105-7456
Uroš Čakar
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7449-1960
Vesna Maraš
Ivana Sofrenić
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9799-670X
Vele Tešević
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7060-9055

Abstract

This study aimed to show aromatic profile of wines produced from two autochthonous grape cultivars Krstač (K) and Žižak (Z). During the wine production two enzymatic preparations (EP) Lallzyme cuvee blanc (CB) and Lallzyme enzymatic preparation β (EB) and different time of skin contact (4 and 8 h) were applied. Aromatic compounds were detected by GC/FID–MS ana­lysis. Significantly higher content of total detected aromatic compounds com­pared to appropriate controls (168.54 and 161.72 mg L-1) was observed for K EB4h (176.33 mg L-1) and Z CB4h (177.29 mg L-1) wines. Skin contact and usage of EP mostly increased content of 2-phenylethyl and isoamyl alcohols. Wines from both varieties showed higher content of hexanoic and octanoic acids compared to the control. It is interesting to emphasize that content of esters that are responsible for fruity aroma of wine which is important for plea­sant taste (isoamyl acetate – banana, ethyl hexanoate – ripe banana, 2-phe­nyl­ethyl acetate – powerful fruity rose like) were increased in all samples com­pared to the controls. The highest grades, after sensory evaluation, were obtained for K EB 8h (18.0 out of 20.0) and Z CB 8h (18.2 out of 20.0).

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[1]
V. . Madžgalj, A. Petrović, U. Čakar, V. Maraš, I. Sofrenić, and V. Tešević, “The influence of different enzymatic preparations and skin contact time on aromatic profile of wines produced from autochthonous grape varieties Krstač and Žižak: Scientific paper”, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., Sep. 2022.
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Biochemistry & Biotechnology

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