Improving stability of cerium oxide nanoparticles by microbial polysaccharides coating

Ivana Milenković, Ksenija Radotić, Branko Matović, Marija Prekajski, Ljiljana Živković, Dragica Jakovljević, Gordana Gojgić-Cvijović, Vladimir Beškoski

Abstract


Cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles (CONPs) are interesting biomaterials with various applications in biomedicine, cosmetics and the pharmaceutical industry, but with limited practical application because of their low stability in aqueous media. The aim of this study was to obtain CONPs with increased stability by coating the particles. Microbial exopolysaccharides (levan, pullulan) and glucose were used to prepare CONPs under different synthesis conditions. Coating was attempted by adding carbohydrates during (direct coating) or after (subsequent coating) the synthesis of CONPs. The nanoparticles obtained were characterized with X-Ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The suspension stability of uncoated and coated CONPs in aqueous media was evaluated by measuring hydrodynamic size, zeta potential and turbidity. FT-IR spectra revealed the differences between coated CONPs and showed the success of subsequent coating with carbohydrates. Coating with carbohydrates improved CONP suspension stability by decreasing the size of aggregated particles. The suspension of levan- and glucose-coated CONPs had the best stability. In this paper CONPs were prepared using non-toxic materials, which were completely environmentally friendly. Obtained results open new horizons for CONP synthesis, improving their biological applications.


Keywords


Biomaterial; CeO2; Glucose; Levan; Pullulan; Surfaces.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC171205031M

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